Ministry of Defence

Officer Career

An active duty officer of the Armed Forces is an Albanian citizen who has completed higher military education at the country and abroad, or the Albanian citizen who has completed higher civilian education, and the respective military course, not less than one year at the Military Academy, who swears the military oath, and is commissioned as such by order of the Minister of Defence.

The military ranks for officers in the Armed Forces are classified into low, high, and highest ones. For officers commissioned as active duty officers, the ranks are:

Level of Designation Land/Air Forces
Type of rank
Navy Forces
Type of rank
Highest rank Lieutenant  General Vice Admiral
  Major General Rear Admiral (Upper Half)
  Brigadier General Rear Admiral (Lower Half)
High rank Colonel Captain
  Lieutenant Colonel Commander
  Major Lieutenant Commander
Low rank Captain Lieutenant
  First Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade
  Second Lieutenant Ensign

Minimal and maximal time in a rank until promotion to the next rank is as follows:

Rank
Land/Air Forces
Rank
Navy Forces
 
Min/Max time in a rank
Second Lieutenant Ensign 3 years/6 years
First Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade 4 years/8 years
Captain Lieutenant 5 years/15 years
Major Lieutenant Commander 4 years/22 years
Lieutenant Colonel Commander 5 years/27 years
Colonel Captain 4 years/30 years
Brigadier General Rear Admiral (Lower Half) 3 years/33 years
Major General Rear Admiral (Upper Half) 3 years/35 years
Lieutenant  General Vice Admiral          /35 years

 

The commissioning as active duty officer and granting of the first rank to an officer is carried out by order of the Minister of Defence. The rank of second lieutenant is granted to students who complete higher military education in military academies in the country and abroad, equalized to them, and are commissioned as active duty officers. Military ranks from second lieutenant/ensign to colonel/captain are granted by order of the Minister of Defence, under career commissions’ proposals. The highest ranks are granted to officers by decree of the President of the Republic, and by proposal of the Minister of Defence.

The military officer is eligible for next promotion when he/she meets the following criteria:

a)   Time limit in a certain rank;
b)   Required education and qualification in military and civilian schools and courses;
c)   Annual work performance results.

Officers, candidates for promotion, are eligible to be appraised and evaluated by the career and ranks’ commissions for each rank as below:

a)   Officers at the rank of First Lieutenant/Lieutenant Junior Grade through colonel/captain twice;
b)   Officers at the rank of Brigadier General and above only once.

Education and qualification criteria to receive the rank are:

Current rank Next  rank Qualification Duration
Second Lieutenant/ Ensign First Lieutenant/        Lt. Junior Grade Basic Course 6-9 months
First Lieutenant/          Lt. Junior Grade Captain/Lieutenant Advanced Officer Course  (AOC) 4-6 months
Captain/Lieutenant Major/Lt. Commander Basic Staff Officer Course  (BSOC) 3 months
Major/Lt. Commander Lt. Colonel/ Commander

Functional Course

Command and General Staff Course (CGSC)

2 months

1 year

Lt. Colonel/Commander Colonel/Captain Senior Officer Course (SOC) 1 year
Colonel/Captain General/Admiral Senior Security and Defense Course (SSDC) -

 

EVENTS & ANALYSIS

Defence Minister Kodheli official visit to Greece, 14-15 January 2014 14-15 January 2014Defence Minister Mrs. Mimi Kodheli held on January 14-15 a two-day official visit to Athens, with the invitation of the Minister of Defence of Greece...
Minister Kodheli at the Comprehensive Regional Ministerial held in Slovenia October 2013The Ministerial included two meetings: US-Adriatic Charter (A5) Ministerial, and SEDM Defence Ministerial...
"Strategic Vision" June 2013Latest magazine "Strategic Vision" issued by the National Centre of Security and Defence...
Strategic Defence Review document 11 April 2013 The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania approved the Strategic Defence Review document...
Defence Directive 2013 15 January 2013 This directive is the foundation where the plans, working programs and activities of all structures of the MoD of the AF will rely
on...
Defence Ministers make progress on cyber protection 04 June 2013NATO Defence Ministers agreed that the Alliance’s cyber-defence capability should be fully operational by the autumn...
The Albanian Experience in Demilitarization of Excess Ammunition 15 May 20132,300 tons were demilitarized until September 2009, at the end of the year 6,500 tons, while in 2010 were demilitarized 20,600 tons...
Albania-US Relations: A Pillar of Stability in an Increasingly Uncertain World 30 June 2012By Ian J. BrzezinskiWashington - It is in times of uncertainty that partnerships are both most tested and most important...
NATO Chicago summit meets its goals 21 may 2012“We came to Chicago with three goals. And we have met them...
NATO delivers at Chicago Summit 20 may 2012Rasmunssen: "Today, we approved a robust package of more than 20 multinational projects, to provide the capabilities we need, at a price we can afford"...
NATO declares interim missile defence capability 20 may 2012Rasmunssen:“Our system will link together missile defence assets from different Allies – satellites, ships, radars and interceptors – under NATO command and control...
NATO Defence Ministers endorse concept for new post-2014 mission in Afghanistan 05 June 2013NATO Defence Ministers on Wednesday endorsed the detailed concept for the new NATO-led mission...
NATO in 2020 13 april 2012 NATO's Secretary General, Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen sets out his vision...  
“Smart Defence - An innovative approach to security challenges” 27 April 2012“Smart Defence” is a new way of thinking about generating the defence capabilities we need for the year 2020 and beyond...
“Smart Defense” A Smart Approach for the Balkan Region 18 march 2012 Rasmussen: “I know that in an age of austerity, we cannot spend more. But neither should we spend less. So the answer is to spend better...”
NATO, ‘Soft Power' and Social Media 23 march 2012 For those wanting to use soft power in foreign policy, social media offer intriguing ways to deliver messages to publics that may have been inaccessible in the past...
NATO Air Headquarters Ramstein passes missile defence test 04-05 april 2012 The operational headquarters for NATO's future territorial ballistic missile defence capability passed a significant technical test on 4-5 April...
Join the Armed Forces 25 July 2013 Criteria and documentations to become a professional soldier...
Military Review December 2013 Latest issue of "Military Review" magazine, in English language...
Moving Forward To End Violence Against Women 08 July 2013 --by Lakshmi Puri, Acting Head of UN Women and Assistant Secretary-General...
Two approaches towards “operational capability” – Bring them as closer as possible June 2012Strategic Defence Review (SDR) in Albania has already reached the stage, when lining-up and linking...

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